Paul Madeline was born in Paris on the 7th of October 1863.
As he was a student at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, he was working in a publishing house to earn some money for living and painted urban landscapes in his spare time.
In 1894, he discovered la Creuse, a charming countryside in the Limousin. It encouraged him to visit it more frequently to paint his landscapes en pleine-air.
Madeline exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Français in 1894, 97 and 99. He was appointed permanent member of the Salon d'Automne, and later of the Salon de la Nationale des Beaux-Arts as well.
The success he earned from his art allowed him to live from 1902 onward solely from his creations.
In 1908, he founded "La Société Moderne", which includes painters like Lebasque, Raffaëlli, Aman and Maurice Chabas. The gallery Devambez and Durand-Ruel invited them to their annual exhibitions.
Madeline travelled a lot in the years 1910, but mainly we find motives from Brittany.
Towards the end of his career, Madeline introduced some characters in his landscapes, wearing regional costumes, especially from Brittany.
He died at 57 years, on February 12th 1920 in Paris.
The Salon des Indépendants devoted a retrospective to him in 1926.
His first paintings reveal him to critics then to the general public: we admire his subtle impressionism, the grace and delicacy with which he tames the wilderness of Creuse.
Madeline depicted the French landscape in sumptuous colour and in loose brushstrokes. His paintings are comparable to the work of the renowned Post-Impressionist painter Armand Guillaumin.
Though based in Paris, Madeline painted throughout the country, from the Mediterranean all the way up to Brittany.
Towards the end of his career, Madeline introduced some characters in his landscapes, wearing regional costumes mostly from Brittany.
Significant for his paintings is the remarkable light and the typical colors moss green and violet.
The work of Paul Madeline has, in recent years, increasingly become the focus of admirers of post-Impressionist painting. The catalogue raisonnée is currently in progress and in particular its rare early works are to be assessed in a new art-historical context.
Paintings in museum collections
Châteauroux ; Musée des Arts et Traditions Populaires
- L'Automne au bord de la Creuse
Guéret ; Musée d'Art et d'Archéologie
La Châtre ; Musée George Sand et de la Vallée Noire
- Bords de la Creuse, Inventory number MLC 1967.1.426 ; 426
- Moulin de la Folie, Inventory number MLC 1967.1.427 ; 427
- Paysage, Inventory number MLC 1967.1.428 ; 428
Limoges ; Musée des Beaux-Arts
Nantes ; Musée des Beaux-Arts
- Le vieux Moulin, Inventory number 1095 ; 55555
Nice ; Musée des Beaux-Arts
Paris ; Musée d'Orsay
- Paysage d'automne
Pau ; Musée des Beaux-Arts
Rouen ; Académie
- CHAMPS DANS LA VALLEE DE LA SEINE, Inventory number 932.4.2
Rouen ; Hôtel de Ville
- LES ABORDS DE LA FERME, COUCHER DE SOLEIL, Inventory number 932.4.1
Rouen ; Musée des Beaux-Arts
- PRAIRIES, Inventory number 932.4.3
Christophe Rameix, Les Maîtres de la Creuse. Chefs-d'œuvre de l'École de Crozant-Gargilesse, 1830-1930, cat. exp. Dun-le-Palestel, Association Les
Amis des Peintres de l'École de Crozant et de Gargilesse, 1997, 95 p.
C. Riou, S. Patin, C. Debray, Les peintres de la Vallée de la Creuse, une colonie sous influence, cat. exp. Guéret, Musée d'art et d'archéologie de Guéret, 1998, 83 p.
Association Les Amis des Peintres de l'École de Crozant et de Gargilesse, Peintres de l'École de Crozant, Paul Madeline, Eugène Alluaud, cat. exp. Fresselines, 2006, 48 p.
Christophe Rameix, L'Ecole de Crozant : les peintres de la Creuse et de Gargilesse 1850-1950, Éditions Lucien Souny, 1991-2002, 196 p.